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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by A-FRIEND on Yesterday at 09:49 AM »
Think you already know how bad racism is? Think it’s some ancient history?
Think it’s cute to say black people just need to get over it?
 


https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/death-hundreds-elaine-massacre-led-supreme-court-take-major-step-toward-equal-justice-african-americans-180969863/
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Genuine Alley Poetry and Prose / Re: EEK On Elderly
« Last post by Halo on Yesterday at 04:29 AM »

Girls I had a lot of fun writing this hopefully I have a ways to go
before this sets in on me. LOL 

Thank goodness for that!!!!! :)
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Genuine Alley Poetry and Prose / Re: EEK On Elderly
« Last post by Wordweaver on April 19, 2019, 01:19 PM »

Girls I had a lot of fun writing this hopefully I have a ways to go
before this sets in on me. LOL 
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Haiku, Limerick, Zen, Mookuka And Other Fun Poetry / Re: Haiku Of The Day
« Last post by Halo on April 18, 2019, 02:21 AM »
Love it, daisy.   
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Haiku, Limerick, Zen, Mookuka And Other Fun Poetry / Re: Haiku Of The Day
« Last post by daisyxo on April 16, 2019, 09:25 AM »
Italian sweet cream
cardinals on the feeder
morning comes to life
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Haiku, Limerick, Zen, Mookuka And Other Fun Poetry / Re: Haiku Of The Day
« Last post by Halo on April 13, 2019, 04:09 AM »
the only sound
crickets sing as the light wanes
an autumn mood

*
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Genuine Alley Poetry and Prose / Re: EEK On Elderly
« Last post by Halo on April 12, 2019, 04:15 AM »
Crikey Weave! That's a horror tale.  :tongue

A well written, made me laugh, tale that is quite scary.
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Genuine Alley Poetry and Prose / Re: EEK On Elderly
« Last post by daisyxo on April 09, 2019, 10:52 AM »
I think you nailed it, Weave!
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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by A-FRIEND on April 06, 2019, 11:17 AM »


In 1955 a young black woman refused to surrender her seat in Montgomery, Al. to a white man.
She refused to get off the bus as ordered, was arrested and the rest is history. We know the story well. Or do we?

Well hold on to your hats folks.
I'm not talking about Rosa Parks and what she did in 1955. This one blew me away and it should be right up there with Rosa Parks.

Allow me to introduce Claudette Colvin born Sept, 5 1939 in Montgomery, Al., and she still survives today in New York.

March 2 1955 Claudette was riding a city bus on the way home from school in Montgomery. Upon making a pick up on Court St., a handful of white passengers got on and the bus driver saw there weren't enough seats for them all to sit.
He ordered the forward four black people to move, even though they were in the blacks only seats. Claudette and one other did not move. The bus driver stopped, walked back and ordered them to move. At that time the other girl moved, Claudette just looked out the window.
An extremely brave thing for a 15 year old black girl to do in the deep south.
 
Her reason?
"I'd moved for white people before," Colvin says. "But this time, I was thinking of the slavery fighters I had read about recently during Negro History Week in February. The spirit of Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth was in me. I didn't get up."

The bus driver summoned the police. One of them kicked her, another knocked her books from her hands and she was dragged off the bus handcuffed, kicking and screaming about her constitutional rights being violated because she had paid just like the white folks to ride. Claudette was arrested, charged with resisting, assault and battery on police officers, violating segregation laws, disorderly conduct, and was thrown into an adult cell. Some reports say she cursed the police and others as she was dragged off the bus. In a 2005 interview Claudette says she was the one cursed and ridiculed by the police.

http://core-europe.org/History/colvin.htm

Now jailed, Claudette's case was discussed among the black leaders and NAACP as the test case they were looking for to carry to court. All the way to the Supreme Court if necessary.
They solicited the services of a white lawyer, Clifford Durr, who took his life in his hands and suffered greatly on behalf of the civil rights movement.

http://www.montgomeryboycott.com/bio_durr.htm

Some controversy developed on the subject of using Claudette Colvin as the test case. She was 15, which brought into question her maturity to go through the ordeal. She became pregnant by a married man, which made her a hard sell for the religiously conservative back churches. Others say she was too dark. Fair skinned blacks were more favorably viewed even in the black community. Plus Claudette was given to emotional outburst, as any 15 year old would be.
But understanding the times, any thing that would be viewed as a distraction in this test case would have to be considered and rejected.

More on Claudette Colvin:
http://www.drizzle.com/~jcouture/1_government/gov_civil_rights/L%20Claud%20Colvin.htm

The civil rights movement needed some one that had the maturity to go through an arduous trial and they needed someone of unimpeachable character. They found that person in Rosa Parks, fair skin and all.

Just as an aside. Rosa Parks' action was not staged, as some would have you believe. She did what she did for the reasons she clearly stated all through her life. She came to the attention of the NAACP after her arrest. She met all the criteria the leadership was looking for. They went to her and her husband, laid out the plan for the test case, and Rosa Park's husband said "go for it."

BUT WAIT!!! there's another twist to this story.
Are you familiar with Aurelia Browder, Susie McDonald, Mary Louise Smith in association withClaudette Colvin?
Not many people are.

Here's the rest of the story.

All these women predated Rosa Parks in being thrown off buses in Montgomery, Al., charged with violating segregation laws, arrested, jailed and fined. The time of these events spans from 9 months to just 40 days before Rosa Parks. It just happens that Rosa Parks met the criteria to be that public face for the NAACP when she sparked the bus boycott. Rosa Park's galvanized the black community, after all the trial runs by the previously mention women.

Here's a trivia question for you. Was it Rosa Parks' arrest leading to the Montgomery bus boycott that went to the Supreme Court and put a stop to bus segregation?

SURPRISE FOLKS!!!. The answer is no. In fact Rosa Parks' arrest had nothing to do with the end of bus segregation, except being the public face of the movement.

Guess who should be credited with the victory?

Well it was the case of BROWDER v. GAYLE that overturned bus segregation in Montgomery.
Aurelia Browder was the lead plaintiff against Montgomery's mayor Gayle, the city of Montgomery, Al., and the bus company.
Joining her as plaintiffs were Susie McDonald, Claudette Colvin and Mary Louise Smith Those 4 went all the way to the Supreme Court and won.

Neither Rosa Parks nor Dr. King were plaintiffs in the case.

When their court victory reached the ears of the black community in Montgomery, the bus boycott ended the next day.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Browder_v._Gayle
http://www.tolerance.org/teach/activities/activity.jsp?cid=388

All of these women had nothing but praise for Rosa Parks, but they were disappointed that their contribution went essentially unnoticed. Some bios on these unsung, but extraordinary women:

Mary Louise Smith:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Louise_Smith
http://www.montgomeryboycott.com/bio_mlsmith.htm

Claudette Colvin:
http://www.montgomeryboycott.com/profile_colvin.htm

Aurelia Browder:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurelia_Browder
http://www.montgomeryboycott.com/profile_browder.htm

Unfortunately I couldn't find any bio for Susie McDonald.

***PLEASE NOTE
I just noticed those pages I linked to about these four brave women are no longer up. This is re-posted from a few years ago and I have no idea why the pages were taken down.
However below I have a link to the page that has information from and about these women and others.  I invite you to take a look and read the links therein.

http://www.montgomeryboycott.com/voices-of-the-boycott/

http://www.montgomeryboycott.com/claudette-colvin/
j
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Genuine Alley Poetry and Prose / EEK On Elderly
« Last post by Wordweaver on April 05, 2019, 02:44 PM »
EEK on Elderly

After becoming elderly I have adopted a more considerate and
kinder disposition.  I let women walk beside me now and before
any romatic rendezvous I will put my teeth in a sanitzed glass
and load my mouth with green tic tacs.  Currently I am not
dependant on depends and I only tell the same stories every
two hours at most.  Yes, I do strap my glasses to my neck and
carry one of those little plastic change holders with pennies.

I am old school and keep quarters handy in case I need to use
a booth pay phone or to tip if the bill is over fifty dollars.
I still lie and put 6 foot tall on my drivers license even
though I have shrunk 4 inches. I tell people I look like Elvis
since I dye my hair and side burns jet black. I brag my abs get
larger each year since they are above my belt most of the time.

What I miss most of my youth is my ability to remember my name
when I visit my family on Thanksgiving. When reminded I am
wearing one red and one green sock I say I am practicing for
Christmas season.  I have increased my naps from 1 hour to six
since my body is in training for the long sleep.  Just in case I ever
pass this way again I hope its not wearing this toothless grin.
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