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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by A-FRIEND on April 27, 2016, 01:50 PM »
April 26 little known black history fact. And a testament to strong black women.

 
Quote
School administrator and teacher Wilhemina Crosson was born on April 26, 1900.

Wilhelmina Marguerita Crosson was born in Rutherford, New Jersey, to Charles Tasker Crosson and Sallie Alice Davis Crosson. She was the fourth of nine children. In 1906, she moved with her family to Boston, where she attended the Hyde School and Girls' High School in Roxbury. She earned a B.S. degree in education at Boston Teachers College in and a master's degree in educational administration from Boston University.

Crosson began her career in 1920 at the Hancock School in Boston's North End, teaching remedial reading to the children of Italian immigrants. She was one of the first African-American women to teach in the Boston public schools. One of the first American teachers to recognize the need for remedial reading classes, she developed Boston's first remedial reading program in 1935. Crosson's pioneering methods were so successful that administrators and other teachers were regularly sent to observe her classes, and she was invited to lecture on the subject.

In 1925, she founded the Aristo Club of Boston, an organization of black professional women who studied and taught Black history and awarded scholarships to blackAfrican-American children. The Boston school system began observing Negro History Week as a result of the Aristo Club's efforts.

In 1933, Crosson published a groundbreaking article in the Elementary English Review titled "The Negro in Children's Literature." It was the first article in a mainstream American teaching journal asking teachers to celebrate African-American culture, and the first article by a self-described "Negro" author to appear in the journal. In the article, Crosson recommends the teaching of "Negro literature" (which she defines as works by, for, and about black people), reasoning that black children should not be deprived of the literature of their own race and that all children would benefit from the experience:

She also recommended the teaching of African-American history, presenting the achievements of African Americans such as Harriet Tubman alongside those of whites, proposing that this would "...make the Negro child strive to lift his race to higher levels, and the white child feel that the Negro race has played its part in the making of America."

In 1945, she took a sabbatical to study intercultural education in Mexico's public schools for the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History. Crosson was one of the few women to be given a field assignment for the ASNLH in those days and was later elected to its executive council. Upon her return, she began teaching at the all-black Hyde School in Roxbury, where she made many changes in the curriculum and inspired a love of reading in her students. She also volunteered as a Sunday school teacher at the Twelfth Baptist Church and taught black history lessons on Saturdays.

Crosson became president of the Palmer Memorial Institute, an all-black preparatory school in Sedalia, North Carolina, in 1952. She established many new programs at the school and obtained funding from the government and the Ford Foundation. She retired in 1966. In 1968, she worked with North Carolina College developing a training program for Peace Corps volunteers on assignment in Liberia. In 1970, she returned to Boston, where she did volunteer work in homeless shelters and as a tutor.

Wilhemina Crosson died in May 1991, at the age of 91
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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by A-FRIEND on April 27, 2016, 01:31 PM »
I tired to quote this but it won't allow copy and paste. So click on the link and read a factually profound statement from a young black man.



https://www.facebook.com/484332718345751/photos/a.490074637771559.1073741832.484332718345751/825666184212401/?type=3&theater
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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by A-FRIEND on April 26, 2016, 04:14 AM »
Hold on to your hats folks. We all know about the confederates seceding from these united states of America. But do we know anything about a free state seceding from the confederacy? No? Neither did I until I stumbled upon this. I live near Appomattox where the civil war ended. I've lived here 60+ years and have never heard this. To top that off there's a confederate museum in Appomattox that bills itself as telling the true story of the confederacy. Well to be honest I've never heard a confederate supporter who wasn't either a liar or an apologists, but they don't tell this story either.
And it's going to be a movie.

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/true-story-free-state-jones-180958111/
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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by A-FRIEND on April 25, 2016, 11:26 PM »
Without variation when a dialogue is being engaged about slavery, if it goes on for any length of time somebody is going to say the entire narrative is incorrect because we are judging  the slavery era by today's standards. A comment which infuriates me because what that says is not a single slaver, not the presidents that owned slaves, not "gentlemen" farmers, none of them had the slightest moral compass yet we worship them as great historical figures today. The whole concept that the slavers at that time didn't know the treachery they participated in and cannot be help account for that treachery today is preposterous.

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We can be forgiven if we interrogate Jefferson posthumously about slavery. It is not judging him by today’s standards to do so. Many people of his own time, taking Jefferson at his word and seeing him as the embodiment of the country’s highest ideals, appealed to him. When he evaded and rationalized, his admirers were frustrated and mystified; it felt like praying to a stone. The Virginia abolitionist Moncure Conway, noting Jefferson’s enduring reputation as a would-be emancipator, remarked scornfully, “Never did a man achieve more fame for what he did not do.”


Were such stalwarts as Thomas Jefferson so ill informed about slavery as to not have any idea how wrong it was in their real time? Are we looking back and unfairly judging people by modern standards as if those standards were unheard of back then?
If we recognize the truth about the standards of the men back then, how does that change the way we'l view them now?

Do we yearn for truth or legends that essentially are glorified lies. Let's find out.

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-dark-side-of-thomas-jefferson-35976004/?no-ist
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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by A-FRIEND on April 25, 2016, 09:28 PM »
The catholic church and slavery. Can it be documented? When it comes to reparations paid to slave descendants and the argument that nobody knows who those descendants are, is there actual documented evidence, names, places, that leads to the catholic church's direct involvement in slavery?

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/24/opinion/sunday/georgetown-and-the-sin-of-slavery.html?smid=fb-share&_r=1
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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by A-FRIEND on April 25, 2016, 09:21 PM »
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"The academy never stood apart from American slavery," Wilder writes in the book. "In fact, it stood beside church and state as the third pillar of a civilization built on bondage."



Quote
Wilder argues that the academy was also central to the development of scientific racism — pseudoscience meant to establish the provable inferiority of certain racial groups — that would serve as a pretext for enslavement.



How did slavery affect our American institutions? how did our American institutions affect slavery?
Was it passive? Cursory? Harmful? Are efforts being made right now in real time to hide or reveal that history?

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2013/09/17/223420533/how-slavery-shaped-americas-oldest-and-most-elite-colleges
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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by A-FRIEND on April 22, 2016, 08:49 PM »
Great choice G. Thanks
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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by Mystic1 on April 21, 2016, 08:55 PM »
I found this documentary on Youtube -

Prince: The Glory Years (2007)

https://youtu.be/dRNYiFxR2Ps

It’s one kid. He’s seventeen. He’s playing everything. He wrote everything and he’s singing everything. - Chris Moon (1976)
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A-Friends Cafe / Re: Black History
« Last post by Mystic1 on April 21, 2016, 05:39 PM »
When I first heard it on the news I was shocked -- Wait. WHAT? That can't be right. So I went and looked it up just to make sure.
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